Persian carpets were first mentioned around 400 BC, by the Greek author Xenophon in his book Anabasis, but it is interesting that the very first reference to Persian carpets in the world literature already puts them into a context of luxury, prestige, and diplomacy. Persian carpet is a heavy textile made for a wide variety of utilitarian and symbolic purposes and produced in Iran.
Persian carpets and rugs of various types were woven in parallel by nomadic tribes, in village and town workshops, and by royal court manufactories alike. As such, they represent miscellaneous, simultaneous lines of tradition, and reflect the history of Iran and its various peoples.
Carpets woven in towns and regional centers like Tabriz, Kerman, Isfahan, Nain, Kashan, and Qom are characterized by their specific weaving techniques and use of high-quality materials, colors, and patterns.